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Do you know HIV/AIDS (AIDS)?

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What is HIV? What is AIDS (AIDS)?

 With HIV…

 Human (Homo sapiens) 

 Immunodeficiency (immunodeficiency) 

 Virus (virus)         

    It is virus causing causing AIDS by abbreviation which took capital letter of this.

               

 With AIDS (AIDS)…

 Acquired (postnatal characteristics) 

 Immuno (immunity) 

 Deficiency (imperfection) 

 Syndrome (syndrome)

    By the name of disease that took capital letter of this, it is called "acquired immunodeficiency syndrome" in Japanese.

  We are infected with HIV and are various diseases that function (resistance for disease) of body for disease of immunity decreases, takes place.

 

 

What happens if infected with HIV?

 Symptom (fever) similar to influenza may come out within several weeks when infected with HIV.
 Antibody of HIV is made in blood after the infection in 6-8 weeks, but enters for latency period (period of asymptomatic carrier) for from several years to dozens of years with there not being subjective symptoms.

 Afterwards, when we do not provide appropriate treatment, we hang time of around ten years, and immunity function (resistance for disease) of body is destroyed and, as a result, suffers from diseases such as various infectious diseases or cancers which we do not suffer from when it is healthy.

 Among diseases to develop as function of immunity comes off, we have a diagnosis of "the AIDS (AIDS) onset" when it develops more than one among 23 representative diseases.

    [progression of HIV infection/AIDS onset process]
Progression of AIDS onset process
(the source: in basic knowledge 2018 of AIDS version Saga Health Promotion Division making)
 

The number of the reports of HIV infected person/AIDS patient of Saga

 In Saga, the number of the new reports of HIV infected person and AIDS patient of 2018 becomes in total eight (two HIV infected person six/AIDS patients).
 H30
 
 

Three main infection courses!

  HIV infection occurs as HIV which is enough for infection enters body.

  It is blood, sperm, vagina secreting fluid, mother's milk that a lot of HIV is included.

 

Infection by 1 sexual intercourse

From blood, sperm, vagina secreting fluid of patients with HIV infected person, AIDS, we are infected through mucous membrane and wounds such as the sexual organs and anus, mouth of the sexual intercourse partner.

 

Infection (we hit mawashi of injection blood transfusion, blood products) that we go through 2 blood

We infect by use of blood transfusion and blood products with blood which there are common use of injection appliance stopping by, needle pad accident, HIV of healthcare worker to hit mawashis such as stimulants.

 

Mother-to-child transmission from 3 mothers to baby

When mother is infected with HIV, at the time of the pregnancy average and childbirth, we are infected by the nursing.

 

 

How do you prevent?

Infection by 1 sexual intercourse

 ◎Of sexual intercourse use condom definitely from beginning to end.

 Most infection courses of HIV infection in Japan are sexual intercourse.

 As anal sex (anal sex) or oral sex (oral intercource) touch mucous membrane and wound by every act directly, by sexual intercourse, infection is possible.

 

 Right wearing method of condom?

Right wearing method of condom
(the source: in basic knowledge 2018 of AIDS version Saga Health Promotion Division making)

 

Infection (we hit mawashi of injection blood transfusion, blood products) that we go through 2 blood

  • We do not use injection appliances in common.

As for the blood donated blood of in Japan, security of the highest standard is secured by severe inspection, but cannot completely remove possibility of HIV infection.

We touch blood which infected HIV, and let's avoid act that blood may enter the body.

 

Mother-to-child transmission from 3 mothers to baby

  • Taking HIV therapeutic drug during pregnancy
  • Childbirth by cesarean operation
  • Nurture in population nourishment (dry milk)

Infection rate to baby lowers if we perform these measures when woman is infected with HIV.

We talk with partner about well, and let's make a plan while talking with specialist of HIV treatment when we hope for the pregnancy, childbirth.

 

 

As HIV has weak infection power, we are not infected other than the sexual intercourse in the everyday life.

  • A cough and sneezing, sweat, tears
  • Handshake
  • Common use of Western style restroom
  • Japanese medical institution and barber's, hair salon
  • Bath and shower, pool
  • We are bitten by chisel and mosquito
  • Eat mawashi drink of drink and the same dish
  • We live at the same workplace and school

 

 

What do you do for inspection?

 It does not turn out that we do not test whether you are infected with HIV. 

  • Inspection can be examined by free of charge, the * (untie) name (we do not ask about name or address), no appointment necessary in Public Health and Welfare Office of five prefecture.
  • Inspection is simple blood test.
  • We measure "HIV antigen" which is a part and both HIV of "HIV antibody" which is made in the body 6-8 weeks later after being infected included in gathered blood (HIV antigen antibody simultaneous inspection).

※Inspection after it passes for three months from promising opportunity of infection is necessary to finally judge with (negative) that does not infect HIV as there are individual differences at time when antibody is made. 

 

 

Therapeutic method?

 Even if treatment of HIV infection/AIDS progresses drastically and is infected with HIV, we start appropriate treatment early and prevent the onset of AIDS by taking medicine properly, and it becomes possible to live a life that it is the same as in front of HIV infection every day.

 It is important to start appropriate treatment early to prevent infection to another person for oneself.

 In addition, available social security system is set to lighten economic burden in continuing HIV treatment.

 

 

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Saga prefectural government office (corporation number 1000020410004) 〒 840-8570  1-1-59, Jonai, Saga-shi   Tel: 0952-24-2111 (main)     
Copyright© 2016 Saga Prefecture.All Rights Reserved.

Saga prefectural government office (corporation number 1000020410004)

〒840-8570
1-1-59, Jonai, Saga-shi
Tel: 0952-24-2111 (main)
Copyright© 2016 Saga Prefecture.All Rights Reserved.