Plan display "introduction of structure that Meiji Restoration and Saga (2) to read from official document, and to solve are new"
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The second of all four times series display that featured the theme of "Meiji Restoration and Saga." The government introduced new structure and, toward modern nation which was not defeated by Western countries, pushed forward various reform. We took up and introduced family register system, draft, land tax reforms, study system from that how it was carried out in Saga.
[session: for from July 4, 2018 to September 30]
Main display material introduction
Family register addition and exclusion format
(January 17, 1875)
Entry example when census registration had change.
Family register is compiled by family group unit including the head of a household,
Age and the marriage, marriage were listed.
The Meiji government carries out various reform toward modern nation which is not defeated by Western countries. To that end, at first, it was necessary to keep the nation under control uniformly.
The Census Registration Act was promulgated in April, 1871 (Meiji 4), and family register was organized on the basis of address place. We divided each district into ward with number and added lot number to house and allowed you to grasp each person's address, full name, age. When town official, vice-town official in charge of family register desk work is placed in ward, and conventional village expenses (village headmans) are abolished in April, 1872 (Meiji 5), we come to perform overall administrative affairs.
Big things and small things division revision and matter of placement officer
(March 10, 1875)
Proclamation when it revised large ward small ward.
In Saga, large ward small constituency system was enforced in July, 1871. We sorted the prefecture as 1 biggest ward in 1 small ward, number small ward in several towns village. For example, by division of 1872, Gofukumachi and Hakusan-cho, several towns including Tojimmachi were the eighth biggest ward third small wards.
Court of justice was installed in each small ward and performed desk work in small ward. Four people in original vice-town official were placed in either one of plus, the ken (vice-) heads of a ward, each small ward in each large ward. Large ward small constituency system continued until 1878 (Meiji 11) when township municipalities formation law was enforced.
Examination for conscription daily rate
(February 22, 1876)
The Meiji government aimed at organizing the modern armed forces to strengthen military force of country.
The draft official notice is given on November 28, 1872 (Meiji 5), and conscription order is established on January 10 in the next year. ; boys 20 years or older received examination for conscription, and decided to obey standing army for three years from inspection passer by lot, and was targeted in the call as the rear guard in the wartime for four years after having finished standing army.
Universal conscription was institutionalized by conscription order, but, other than staff of authorities, student, the head of a household, heiress, adopted child, people who delivered representative rate 270 yen were exempted from the draft. As for the examination for conscription, temples were performed at first for each area as inspection ground.